Skip to main content
Business LibreTexts

13.12: Layoffs vs. Firing

  • Page ID
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    Learning Outcomes
    • Discuss the reasoning behind laying off an employee or firing them

    As we discussed earlier in this module, there is a difference between laying off and firing an employee. Each of these is a form of termination, but with differing intent. When an employee is laid off, it is usually through no fault of their own, but rather a business decision made by the company to cut costs. When an employee is fired, however, it is a repercussion for their poor decisions or performance. Let’s first discuss the advantages and disadvantages for terminating an employee by laying them off.

    Laying Off an Employee

    Decorative image.


    Cutting costs is the primary advantage of laying off employees. When mass layoffs occur, companies are able to drastically reduce the amount of money spent on employee compensation, benefits packages, etc. Layoffs can help a company regain a better economic standing and gain better control of their finances.


    As we discussed in the previous sections, there are a number of disadvantages associated with downsizing and layoffs. For example, mass layoffs can create an unstable work environment with uneasy and overworked employees. When layoffs occur, the remaining employees are often expected to fill in the gaps created when former coworkers were terminated. Layoffs can negatively affect company morale and motivation. In addition, client relationships and sales may suffer, as changes to job assignments are made and the number of employees to complete the workload has decreased.

    Firing an Employee

    Decorative image.


    The main benefit of firing an employee is that the undesirable behavior or performance has been eliminated from the company. Firing an underperformer opens up a position which can then be filled with an employee better suited to meet the job requirements and expectations. In some cases, when a toxic employee is fired, it can shift the workplace environment from a negative one to a positive one. Although firing someone is never a fun task, when done for the right reasons, it can have a positive impact on morale and profitability.


    One possible disadvantage to firing an employee is possible legal consequences. However, if a company follows legal guidelines and their predetermined termination policies and procedures, lawsuits are less likely. Another disadvantage of firing an employee is the need to fill their position. Any form of termination or turnover creates a staffing gap. In order to fill this gap, the company needs to spend a lot of time and resources to interview, hire, onboard, and train the new employee. It will also take time to get the new employee up to speed and performing at the levels required of the position.

    Contributors and Attributions

    • Layoffs vs. Firing. Authored by: Freedom Learning Group. Provided by: Lumen Learning. License: CC BY: Attribution
    CC licensed content, Shared previously
    • Authored by: ijmaki. Provided by: Pixabay. Located at: License: CC0: No Rights Reserved. License Terms: Pixabay License
    • Authored by: Aymanejed. Provided by: Pixabay. Located at: License: CC0: No Rights Reserved. License Terms: Pixabay License

    This page titled 13.12: Layoffs vs. Firing is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Nina Burokas via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.