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- Culturally intelligent leaders are change-focused and change-ready. They anticipate different scenarios for change and enable their organizations and people to embrace change.
- Many leadership scholars differentiate between management and leadership and managers and leaders.
- Managers are responsible for controlling, coordinating, planning, and organizing. Leaders are people who inspire, motivate, unite people, and create visions for the future.
- Cultural intelligence requires leadership and leaders, not management and managers.
- Historically, leadership theories and frameworks are based on Western ideologies and perspectives.
- Leadership theories and frameworks must incorporate a global perspective that considers differences in perceptions of leadership and leaders.
- Leaders must be able to create cultures where differences thrive. They may accomplish this by: making diversity a priority, getting to know people and their differences, enabling trust, holding each person accountable for differences, and establishing mutual interdependence.
- Leadership and culture are intertwined like two halves of a rope threaded together. At times, leaders must be able to step away from what they are experiencing to understand the full impact of culture on leadership.