Skip to main content
Business LibreTexts

5.1: Introduction

  • Page ID
    12066
  • Chapter Outline

    6.1 Compare and Contrast Merchandising versus Service Activities and Transactions

    6.2 Compare and Contrast Perpetual versus Periodic Inventory Systems

    6.3 Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases Using the Perpetual Inventory System

    6.4 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Sale of Merchandise Using the Perpetual Inventory System

    6.5 Discuss and Record Transactions Applying the Two Commonly Used Freight-In Methods

    6.6 Describe and Prepare Multi-Step and Simple Income Statements for Merchandising Companies

    6.7 Appendix: Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases and Sales Using the Periodic Inventory System

    A photo of racks of electronic games.
    Figure 6.1 J&J Games. Proper recognition of merchandising transactions gives management a clear inventory picture to make informed business decisions. (credit: modification of “Video game retail store, consumerism at its finest” by Bas de Reuver/Flickr, CC BY 2.0)

    Jason and his brother James own a small business called J&J Games, specializing in the sale of video games and accessories. They purchase their merchandise from a Marcus Electronics manufacturer and sell directly to consumers.

    When J&J Games (J&J) purchases merchandise from Marcus, they establish a contract detailing purchase costs, payment terms, and shipping charges. It is important to establish this contract so that J&J and Marcus understand the inventory responsibilities of each party. J&J Games typically does not pay with cash immediately and is given an option for delayed payment with the possibility of a discount for early payment. The delayed payment helps continue the strong relationship between the two parties, but the option for early payment gives J&J a monetary incentive to pay early and allow Marcus to use the funds for other business purposes. Until J&J pays on their account, this outstanding balance remains a liability for J&J.

    J&J Games successfully sells merchandise on a regular basis to customers. As the business grows, the company later considers selling gaming accessories in bulk orders to other businesses. While these bulk sales will provide a new growth opportunity for J&J, the company understands that these clients may need time to pay for their orders. This can create a dilemma; J&J Games needs to offer competitive incentives for these clients while also maintaining the ability to pay their own obligations. They will carefully consider sales discounts, returns, and allowance policies that do not overextend their company’s financial position while giving them an opportunity to create lasting relationships with a new customer base