# 3.10: Alignment, Justification, and Indentation

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Learning Objectives

• Change alignment of text.

## Alignment

To align or justify text, move your cursor into the paragraph you want to change, then click the left-align, right-align, centered, or justify buttons.

Alignment is how text flows in relation to the rest of the page (or column, table cell, text box, etc.). There are four main alignments: left, right, center, and justified.

• Left-aligned text is text that is aligned with a left edge. You can also left-align your text with the shortcut Ctrl+L (Cmnd+L).
• Right-aligned text is text that is aligned with a right edge. You can also right-align your text with the shortcut Ctrl+R (Cmnd+R).
• Centered text is text that is centered between two edges. You can also center-align your text with the shortcut Ctrl+E (Cmnd+E).
Left-aligned
Centered
Right-aligned

Justification controls the spacing between words. A justified text increases the space between words to fill the entire line so that it is aligned with both the left and right edges. You can also center-align your text with the shortcut Ctrl+J (Cmnd+J).

 Unjustified text Justified text

You can also change the alignment and justification settings in the paragraph dialog box.

### Paragraph Dialog Box: Justification and Alignment

Open the paragraph dialog box by clicking the small arrow icon in the bottom-right corner of the Paragraph group.

The dropdown menu to change the alignment is near the top of the dialog box.

## Indentation

In many documents, indenting is a good way to distinguish the start of a new paragraph, especially when there is no paragraph spacing.

To indent, hit the Tab key once on your keyboard at the start of a paragraph.

One tab at the beginning of the first line of a paragraph.

For more control over indentation settings, use the paragraph dialog box.

## Paragraph Dialog Box: Indentation

Open the paragraph dialog box by clicking the small arrow icon in the bottom-right corner of the Paragraph group.

The indentation section is toward the middle of the dialog box.

The Left and Right settings indent the entire paragraph to the left and right.

Indentation Comparison
Without indentation
With 1-inch indentation on left and right sides

The Special dropdown menu allows you to choose to indent the first line of the paragraph or to create a hanging indent. Upon choosing First or Hanging, another field will appear to let you choose how big the first line or hanging indent will be.

 Hanging indent First line indent