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Business LibreTexts

2.1: Introduction

  • Page ID
    24092
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    Learning Objectives

    After reading this chapter, you should have a thorough understanding of the U.S. court system and how it affects the conduct of businesses and individuals. Specifically, you should be able to answer the following questions:

    • What role does each of the three branches of government play?
    • How do the other two branches of government balance the judiciary?
    • How are the state and federal courts structured?
    • What are the primary differences between trial and appellate courts?
    • How does the Supreme Court do its work?

    As you now know, laws are meaningless if they are not enforced. Companies have to make a barrage of decisions daily, from product development to marketing to strategies to maintain growth, but most of these are based on sound business acumen rather than legal requirements. If a company does violate a law, however, it must be held accountable. Typically, that accountability comes in the form of a lawsuit heard in court. Whether a suit is brought by a supplier, customer, employee, shareholder, or other stakeholder, litigation is a fact of life for companies. As future business professionals, being familiar with our court system will lay the foundation for your understanding of the litigation process.