Skip to main content
Business LibreTexts

10.7: The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974

  • Page ID
    9680
    • pexels-photo-923681.jpg
    • Contributed by Alison S. Burke, David Carter, Brian Fedorek, Tiffany Morey, Lore Rutz-Burri, & Shanell Sanchez
    • Professors (Criminology and Criminal Justice) at Southern Oregon University
    • Sourced from OpenOregon

    The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act of 1974 reformed and redefined the philosophy, authority, and procedures of the juvenile justice system in the United States. This was the first major federal initiative to address juvenile delinquency across the nation. [1] While historically, the overseeing of juvenile matters fell on the states, the JJDP Act established some oversight at the federal level.

    The JJDP Act attached to state funding to reform efforts. For example, one major reform effort involved revising policies around secure detention, separating juvenile from adult offenders, and deinstitutionalizing status offenders. Status offenders were no longer to be held in secure facilities with delinquent youth. [2] In 1992, as part of the reauthorization of JJDPA, states were encouraged to identify gaps in their ability to provide appropriate services for female juvenile delinquents (42 U.S.C. 5601; OJJDP). The federal government expected states to provide specific services for the prevention and treatment of female delinquency and prohibit gender bias in the placement, treatment, and programming of female delinquents.

    Campaign for Youth Justice

    http://www.campaignforyouthjustice.org/


    1. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (1998). Juvenile female offender: A status of the state's report.
    2. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (1998). Juvenile female offender: A status of the state's report.